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Thromboembolic and bleeding complications in patients with prosthetic heart valves at the Kenyatta National Hospital

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dc.contributor.author Eric Wanyutu Hungu, SWO Ogendo
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-24T08:22:17Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-24T08:22:17Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.maseno.ac.ke/handle/123456789/1564
dc.description.abstract Background: Despite constant monitoring of anticoagulation in prosthetic valve patients, haematologic complications occur. This study documented the occurrence of such complications and associated risk factors at the Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH). Study design: Observational study reviewing 142 patients, 39 prospective and 103 retrospective. Outcome measures: International Normalised Ratio (INR); presence of signs and symptoms of haematological complications. Results: Forty four (31%) patients presented with bleeding tendencies, 28 grade I and 4 grade III. The most common thromboembolic complication was headache in 33 (23.2%) patients. Mean duration of anticoagulation for patients with complications was 82.9 months (± 64), compared to 60.8 months (± 43.8) in those without. Nine patients were non-compliant in taking medications, haematologic complications presenting in 8 of them. Conclusion: A positive association was established between hematologic complications and INR levels, duration of anticoagulation therapy, non-compliance in taking of medications, and increased period between clinic visits. Of these only the duration of anticoagulation was an independent predictor for haematological complications. en_US
dc.publisher Annals of African Surgery en_US
dc.title Thromboembolic and bleeding complications in patients with prosthetic heart valves at the Kenyatta National Hospital en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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