Malaria diagnosis in rural healthcare facilities and treatment-seeking behavior in malaria endemic settings in western Kenya
Collince J. Omondi, David Odongo , Wilfred O. Otambo, Kevin O. Ochwedo, Antony Otieno , Ming-Chieh Lee, James W. Kazura, Andrew K. Githeko, Guiyun Yan
MetadataShow full item record
Accurate diagnosis and timely treatment are central requirements for effective malaria management in communities. However, in resource-constrained settings, healthcare facilities are likely to be few, inaccessible, and ill-equipped with frequent drug or rapid diagnostic test kit (RDT) shortages. This may jeopardize much-needed quality care for patients and may have an impact on treatment-seeking behavior among the local population. The study’s goal is to determine treatment-seeking behavior, malaria diagnosis and treatment, and likely treatment-seeking determinants in the local population. Passive case detection, which targeted all patients with suspected malaria cases, was conducted in ten public healthcare facilities over a three-month period. Monthly malaria cases, methods of diagnosis and antimalarial drug availability were for use under a CC0 license. This article is a US Government work. It is not subject to copyright under 17 USC 105 and is also made available (which was not certified by peer review) is the author/funder, who has granted medRxiv a license to display the preprint in perpetuity. medRxiv preprint doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2023.01.05.23284237; this version posted January 6, 2023. The copyright holder for this preprint . assessed. A household-based survey was also carried out. Structured questionnaires were used to collect data from household heads. Malaria knowledge, treatment seeking behavior, and predictors of malaria treatment-seeking were all determined. Three of the seven dispensaries lacked a laboratory to conduct microscopy-based diagnosis. These three dispensaries also experienced frequent RDT stock-outs, which resulted in a clinical diagnosis of malaria. The majority of local residents with fever (50.3%) purchased antimalarial drugs from a chemist. About 37% of fever patients sought treatment at healthcare facility while the remaining 12.7% did nothing. In irrigated areas, 45.5% (46/64) of fever patients sought treatment at healthcare facilities, compared to 25% (18/64) in non-irrigated areas (p = 0.009). Most children aged below 5 who had fever (77.7%) were taken to healthcare facility for treatment compared to 31.4% of older children or 20.9% of adults (0.0001). Predictors of treatment seeking included access to healthcare facility (OR = 16.23, 95% CI: 2.74-96.12), and ability to pay hospital bill (OR = 10.6, 95% CI: 1.97- 57). Other factors that influenced health-seeking behavior included the severity of symptoms, the age of the fever patient and knowledge of malaria symptoms.
- Department of Zoology