|dc.description.abstract||Agricultural production all over the world has been affected by continuous climatic changes.
Although most developed nations constantly update their farmers with current climate change
information that enables them to device appropriate adaptive strategies, farmers in developing
countries only learn about the same after its effects have been noticed. Most households in rural
areas of Kenya still face food insecurity. However, there is no evidence on whether Kenyan
farmers have reliable information necessary for adoption of appropriate farming practices to cope
with climate change effects. Equally, challenges that face Kenyan local farmers in adapting to
climate change remain unknown. The general objective of the study was to investigate farmers'
knowledge and adaptation practices to climate change in Lower Nyakach Division. Specific
objectives were to: examine the level of awareness; explore the indigenous adaptation practices,
and to identify challenges faced by farmers in adapting to climate change. Capability theory
(Sen, 1992) which focus upon the significance of individuals' capability of achieving the kind of
lives that they value, guided the study. Descriptive cross sectional design was used on a target
population of 2504 households stratified in 4 sub locations. The sample size comprised 10% of
the target population as recommended by Gay & Diehl (1992), representing 250 households.
Data was collected using structured questionnaire from household heads; Key Informants
Interview from three agricultural officers and five CBO officials; and one focus group discussion
from each of the 4 sub locations. Instrument validity and reliability were checked through expert
consultation and split half during pilot study. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse
quantitative data using Statistical Package for Social sciences (SPSS) version 20. Thematic
analysis was used to analyse qualitative data. It was found that farmers were aware of common
short and inconsistent patterns of rainfall, and floods in the recent past accompanied with strange
diseases like Miguna Miguna and invasion of army worms. Radio is the main source of weather
information, implying that radio broadcast is a better avenue for passing weather information.
Multi cropping, intensive weeding, planting early maturing crops, and applying manure on the
farms are some of the indigenous adaptation practices. However, there are inadequate extension
services, lack of financial resources, lack of government subsidies, poor farming practices, small
sizes of land, and late preparation of farms. This implies that adapting to climate change depends
upon individual capabilities. It is recommended that extension officers should use village
barazas to disseminate climate change information, and that capital support be availed to farmers
to enhance their capabilities. Further studies should be done on contribution of radio broadcasts
on adaptation to climate change, and effect of climate information flow on adaptation practices
to climate change.||en_US