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The past, present and future genetic improvement of indigenous chicken of Kenya

Show simple item record JO Khobondo, Tobias O Okeno, GO Lihare, CB Wasike, AK Kahi 2020-08-28T07:17:52Z 2020-08-28T07:17:52Z 2014
dc.description en_US
dc.description.abstract Genetic improvement of farm animals encompasses both mating and selection for desired traits and indigenous chicken genetic resources are no exception. In Kenya, previous attempts to genetically improve indigenous chicken involved cross-breeding scheme by utilizing cockerels and pullets of exotic breeds with the local indigenous chicken. This scheme was complimented with farmer training on good management practices and vaccination for disease control. The scheme was partially successful with improved performance in the crossbreds that declined with subsequent generations. Failure of the programme to meet stakeholder’s expectation led to its’ termination. The current attempt through the Smallholder Indigenous Chicken Improvement Programme has initiated an holistic and comprehensive approach to analysing the entire indigenous chicken actors and avert the causes of previous failures. The programme has genetically and phenotypically characterized the chicken; established reference/base population collected from different ecotypes/counties, established the breeding goals and designed breeding programmes that best suit the Kenyan stakeholders. The on-station research has reported variation on production traits, determined heritability estimate on growth. Current and ongoing research is focused on molecular characterization, selection for improved immune response, carcass quality, eggs production, growth and adaptation traits. The research is also concerned with conservation of these genetic resources. en_US
dc.publisher Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Agricultura y la Alimentación (FAO) en_US
dc.title The past, present and future genetic improvement of indigenous chicken of Kenya en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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