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Investigation of long acoustic waveguides for the very low frequency characterization of monolayer and stratified air-saturated poroelastic materials

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dc.contributor.author Erick Ogam, Zine El Abiddine Fellah, Géry Ogam, Nicholas O Ongwen, Andrew O Oduor
dc.date.accessioned 2021-07-22T11:30:17Z
dc.date.available 2021-07-22T11:30:17Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.maseno.ac.ke/handle/123456789/4189
dc.description.abstract When sound propagates in a porous medium, it is attenuated via several energy loss mechanisms which are switched on or off as the excitation frequency varies. The classical way of measuring acoustic energy loss in porous materials uses the Kundt impedance tube. However, due to its short length, measurements are made in the steady state harmonic regimes. Its lower cutoff frequency is often limited to a few hundreds of Hertz. Two long acoustic waveguides were assembled from water pipes and mounted to create test-rigs for the low-frequency acoustic characterization of monolayer and stratified air-saturated poroelastic materials. The first waveguide was straight and had a length of 120 m, while the second was coiled to gain space and was 135 m long. The long waveguides appeal to very low frequency measurements using impulsive acoustic waves (with rich spectral content) because the incident waves can be separated in time from echoes off the extremities of the guides. The transmission coefficient of porous materials recovered using the two waveguides compared well with those from the transfer matrix method (TMM) used here in combination with Biot’s 1962 theory to describe propagation in porous dissipative media. This wave-material interaction model permitted the recovery of the properties of poroelastic materials from transmitted acoustic waves propagating in air. The parameters involved are the Young’s moduli, Poisson ratio and microstructural properties such as tortuosity and permeability. Being able to descend to lower frequencies guarantees the correct verification of the magnitude of the measured transmission coefficient which approaches unity towards the static frequency. The coiled and straight waveguides were found to be equivalent and provided data down to frequencies of the order of 12 Hz. en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.subject Air-saturated poroelasticStratified layersTransfer matrix methodAcoustic waveguideOpen-cell plastic foamsLow-frequency characterization en_US
dc.title Investigation of long acoustic waveguides for the very low frequency characterization of monolayer and stratified air-saturated poroelastic materials en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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