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Evaluation of selected Acremonium zonatum Saw. Gams. mycoherbicide-oil mixtures for Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms. Laubach) biocontrol in Lake Victoria (Kenya

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dc.contributor.author George Opande, Chrispo Mutebi, Peter F Arama
dc.date.accessioned 2020-12-15T10:43:26Z
dc.date.available 2020-12-15T10:43:26Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.maseno.ac.ke/handle/123456789/3465
dc.description.abstract The use of microbial innoculum oil formulations has shown great promise for enhancing the efficacy of fungal agents that show potential as insecticides, fungicides and herbicides. When used in mycoherbicide formulation, oil encloses the moisture lost from the leaves, which provide the moist micro climate necessary for infection. The innundative ability of this phytopathogen using three oil types (i.e. petroleum oil (mineral in origin), corn oil (in vegetative tissue) and glycerol (occurring in animal tissue) having been confirmed, a new study was initiated at the Maseno University glasshouse to evaluate their specific suitability in enhancing the efficacy of Acremonium zonatum for the biocontrol of water hyacinth in Lake Victoria. A. zonatum was isolated aseptically following standard procedures. Pure cultures obtained were mass produced on PDA. Spores were then harvested after the surface of the cultures turned brown. A haemocytometer was used to prepare a stock solution with 1x107spores/ml. in sterile distilled water using Caprette’s method. Healthy water hyacinth plants arranged in a RCBD within the glasshouse were inoculated with the mycoherbicide in the three selected oil formulations. A control experiment was mounted using sterile distilled water. Disease score recording was done three times at fourteen day intervals. Analysis of the results indicated that glycerol appeared to be the most suitable oil formulation of A. zonatum as a mycoherbicide followed by corn oil. Petroleum oil emulsion showed the least efficacy for the same purpose en_US
dc.publisher IOSR-JAVS en_US
dc.subject Biocontrol, efficacy, mycoherbicide, oil formulations, zonate leaf spot, fungicide. en_US
dc.title Evaluation of selected Acremonium zonatum Saw. Gams. mycoherbicide-oil mixtures for Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms. Laubach) biocontrol in Lake Victoria (Kenya en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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