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Potential salinity resistance in spiderplant (Cleome gynandra L.)

Show simple item record GN Mwai, JC Onyangol, MOA Onyango 2020-08-14T09:00:43Z 2020-08-14T09:00:43Z 2002
dc.identifier.citation 5 en_US
dc.description.abstract Seeds of spiderplant (Cleome gynandra L.) were sown in soil-filled 20-litre plastic pots. The study was conducted to investigate the potential for the existence of salinity resistance in C. gynandra. The experimental design was randomized complete blocks (RCBD) with four replications. Two to four weeks after germination, the plants were subjected to five levels of salinity, applied by irrigating the pots daily with salt solutions of concentrations: 0 mol/kg (control), 0.07 mol/kg, 0.13 mol/kg, 0.20mol/kg and 0.26 mol/kg; respectively exerting osmotic potentials of 0 MPa (control), -0.3MPa, -0.6MPa, -0.9MPa and –1.2MPa in the rooting medium. Data on growth parameters was collected weekly, including fresh and oven-dried weights of the whole plant as well as roots, shoots and leaves; water content, chlorophyll content, leaf number, leaf weight ratio, root/shoot ratio and days to 50% flowering. Results showed that salinity significantly decreased growth in roots, shoots and leaves and reduce chlorophyll content. Spiderplant was therefore concluded to possess a poor capacity for regulating the entry, translocation and compartmentalization of salts, thus allowing large amounts of salt to be absorbed and translocated to the shoots and leaves, leading to retardation/inhibition of cell division and expansion, decreased photosynthesis and increased respiration. Observed root death was attributed to the deterioration of soil structure in the presence of high exchangeable sodium percentage (ESP) in the soil. Water content and some growth parameters were initially reduced but recovered after some time. This was attributed to reduction of transpiration and osmotic adjustment. Since plants were able to survive, grow and reproduce when subjected to up to –0.9 MPa of salt stress in the soil, spiderplant was concluded to have a moderate degree of salt resistance. Factors contributing to this resistance may include the species’ capacity for osmotic adjustment and the presence of a C4 (Hatch-Slack) photosynthetic pathway. en_US
dc.subject Cleome gynandra L., salinity, compartmentalization, osmotic adjustment. en_US
dc.title Potential salinity resistance in spiderplant (Cleome gynandra L.) en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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