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Some Pathogenic Bacteria Associated With Fresh and Smoked Nile Perch (Lates Niloticus) In Luanda Market, Vihiga County (Kenya).

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dc.contributor.author George T. Opande1 , David M. Musyimi 2 , Daniel K. Buyela.3 Osunga J. Ouko4
dc.date.accessioned 2020-08-11T13:28:16Z
dc.date.available 2020-08-11T13:28:16Z
dc.date.issued 2017-07
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.maseno.ac.ke/handle/123456789/1988
dc.description.abstract Luanda market is located in Luanda town, Kenya. It lies 0° 0' 0" N and 34° 35' 0" E. While the Nile perch (Lates niloticus) a fresh water fish species introduced in Lake Victoria from the family latidae, order perciforme is widespread throughout much of the afro-tropic ecozone, where it is of great economic importance. In L. Victoria (Kenya), in many ways when this fish is harvested it would be contaminated by microorganisms due to poor hygienic handling or if the fish fed on food infected by microorganisms, dirty water and dirty storage. Before this study, little was known about the pathogenic bacteria flora that may be associated with smoked or fresh L. niloticus in the Luanda fish market, Luanda (Kenya), therefore this study was initiated to determine their occurrence and identities. Samples of fresh and smoked fish identified to be L. niloticus were randomly collected from Luanda market, the skin was scraped and a swab stick used to swab the fish body after which the swab was inserted into a test tube containing 9ml.of distilled water as a stock, prior to serial dilution in 5 test tubes. NA plates obtained were then incubated at 37°C for 24 hrs before pure cultures of emergent growth were subjected to isolation procedures. Identification and characterization was based on colony morphology, gram-staining technique, elevation, nature of surface, shape and opacity. Bacteria species such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus sp., Shigella sp., Escherichia coli, and Salmonella sp. were identified. Further examination of fresh fish samples indicated that they present a rich habitat for bacteria than fish smoked using fire wood. Gram staining test indicated most microbes on smoked fish were mostly gram positive and were able to retain the crystal violet color, while most bacteria found in fresh fish showed a gram negative result by failing to retain the crystal violet color. The catalase test carried indicated that a prokaryote S. aureus was catalase positive, while the rest of prokaryotes were catalase negative when they showed no bubbles. Hence it became clear from this study that fish sold in Luanda market is not fit for human consumption unless heat cooked sufficiently to eliminate all the pathogenic microorganisms’ resident therein. There is need to conduct more studies on microorganisms associated with other body parts and other fish species sold in Luanda en_US
dc.subject Isolation, characterization, pathogenic, fish, microorganisms, bacteria. en_US
dc.title Some Pathogenic Bacteria Associated With Fresh and Smoked Nile Perch (Lates Niloticus) In Luanda Market, Vihiga County (Kenya). en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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