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Spectroscopic characterization of the metal cation siting and the adsorbate-cation interactions in copper (II) and cobalt (II) exchanged faujasite-X zeolite

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dc.contributor.author Chrispin BO Kowenje
dc.date.accessioned 2020-08-10T08:00:16Z
dc.date.available 2020-08-10T08:00:16Z
dc.date.issued 2006
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.maseno.ac.ke/handle/123456789/1915
dc.description.abstract Toxic chemicals are abundant in the environment and their detection often requires very costly and time consuming methods. Where such molecules are able to interact with the transition metal cations, their characteristic electronic transitions are identifiable by spectroscopic methods and provide a potential means of simple identification. Zeolites offer a very porous and polar solid-state environment that attracts molecules and stabilizes cations, hence enabling complexes to form in it. In this work, the Co2+ and Cu2+ complexes of ammonia, pyridine, acetone, water and sulfur dioxide in zeolite-X were characterized by UV-Vis reflectance, electron paramagnetic resonance, infrared and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic methods. At lower concentrations (such as at 1 copper per unit cell (1 Cu/UC), the cations were found to bind the framework oxygens at the Si(OAl)4 tetrahedra. The exchanged cations at low concentrations reside in site I΄ where two Cu2+ species (I and II) are seen to emerge, as a result of different local charges. Apart from water, other adsorbates do not interact with the exchanged cations at low concentration (1 Cu/UC). Higher exchange levels of the cations are found to occupy supercage sites of II΄ and possibly III. As the concentration of the cations increases to ca. 8 Cu/UC, dynamic spinspin averaging begins to take place. Thus, at ≥ 8 Cu/UC, CuX continuous-wave EPR (CW-EPR) spectra have contributions from both the dynamic spin-spin averaging and some residual static powder pattern spectrum of isolated Cu2+. iv PREVIEW In the supercage accessible cation sites, ammonia and pyridine showed interactions with cations at single four-ring site III (S4R (III)), whereas acetone and water coordinate the cations at single six-ring site II’ (S6R (II΄)). Sulfur dioxide showed little evidence of reaching the cations at any cation exchange levels. The presence of the adsorbates in the highly Cu2+ exchanged samples did not eliminate the occurrence of dynamic spin-spin averaging among the proximate Cu2+ ions. This broad range of results gives us a characteristic ordering of ligand field strengths of ammonia > pyridine > Ozeo ≥ acetone ≈ water > sulfur dioxide. en_US
dc.publisher State University of New York at Binghamton en_US
dc.title Spectroscopic characterization of the metal cation siting and the adsorbate-cation interactions in copper (II) and cobalt (II) exchanged faujasite-X zeolite en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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