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Development and validation of a drying model for rastrineobola argentea fish in an indirect forced convection solar dryer

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dc.contributor.author ONYINGE, George Odhiambo
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-17T09:00:40Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-17T09:00:40Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.maseno.ac.ke/handle/123456789/1417
dc.description PHD Thesis en_US
dc.description.abstract Rastrineobola argentea, (R. argentea) is a commercially important fish species in Lake Victoria, with a characteristically smaller size compared to the other fish and high surface moisture content. However the prevalent preservation method of the fish is open sun drying, in which the fish is laid uncovered on the ground for a prolonged period exposed to; contamination, attack by bacteria, molds, rodents, birds and adverse weather conditions. Often huge losses estimated at between 20 % and 50 % occur especially during the rainy season, because of the slow drying process that lasts several hours or even days depending on the prevailing weather. Although studies have been conducted on solar drying of R. argentea fish, none has been reported on modeling of its drying process. Moreover existing drying models of food products have been formulated based on internal moisture diffusion as the sole mass transfer mechanism, which is a falling rate period phenomenon. Studies have however shown that high moisture products exhibit both constant and falling rate drying periods, and therefore a linear section in their drying curves, that is not accounted for by the diffusion models. Thus in the present study, a drying model based on evaporation was formulated for R. argentea fish in an indirect forced convection solar dryer. The model results were compared with experimental data obtained from a prototype solar dryer and the tests revealed a reduction in moisture content of the fish from 73 % (w. b.) to between 8 % and 10 % (w. b.) after a period of 11 hours in the solar dryer whereas the open sun samples took 18 hours to reach the same moisture levels. Effective moisture diffusivities of and were obtained for the fish in the solar dryer and open sun, respectively. The activation energy of the drying process of R. argentea fish was also found to be: , a much lower value than for other similar high moisture food products thus indicating that the energy threshold for drying the product that can be provided by the available solar energy. Statistical analysis carried out based on the moisture ratio of the fish in the solar dryer gave: and for the top and bottom trays, thus confirming the prediction reliability of the model. The simulations of the model further revealed that the drying time of this product can be reduced to 5 hours (the period after which deterioration of the product occurs if adequate drying has not occurred) in the solar dryer by increasing the air mass flow rate to . en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Maseno University en_US
dc.subject Physics en_US
dc.title Development and validation of a drying model for rastrineobola argentea fish in an indirect forced convection solar dryer en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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