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Implementation of Gender Issues in School Health Policy For Primary School Girls in Usigu Division of Siaya Counnty, Kenya

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dc.contributor.author OKECH, Silvester Otiato
dc.date.accessioned 2021-05-07T08:30:36Z
dc.date.available 2021-05-07T08:30:36Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.maseno.ac.ke/handle/123456789/3701
dc.description.abstract Despite embracing Health Promoting School (HPS) concept, many school children all over the world still experience momentous health challenges. These include ill-health, gender biases,harmful culture and other sex-related problems. In America and UK for instance, there is high incidence of teenage pregnancy due to early unprotected sex among the youth. Children in Sub-Saharan Africa similarly experience a heavy burden of disease especially from malaria, acute respiratory illness, HfV and AIDS and diarrheal diseases most of which are needless and preventable. In Kenya, school children also face other challenges such as truancy,jail and high tendency towards street life which make them to drop out of school. School age girls in Kenya are particularly more vulnerable to gender inequities, harmful culture and sex-related problems especially along the beaches in Nyanza region. In Usigu, poor health and education of girls indicated by lower enrolment, poor school attendance and lower completion rates compared to boys could be attributed to health related problems identified for implementation in the school health policy. However, limited studies have been conducted to evaluate implementation of school health policy making it difficult for ministry of education and other stakeholders to design appropriate interventions in order to ensure health and education of girls in this region. The purpose of this study was therefore to evaluatethe implementation of gender issues in School Health Policy for primary school girls in Usigu Division. Specific objectives of the study were to (1) determine the level of awareness of gender issues in school health policy (2) explore the factors influencing the implementation of gender issues in school health policy and (3) determine the level of implementation of gender issues in School Health Policy for primary school girls in Usigu Division. Cross-sectional study design and specifically concurrent nested mixed methods, quantitative priority were used. Study targeted 1531 girls (N 1= 1531) in standard 4 to 8 and all the 42 head teachers (N2=42) in primary schools in the division. A sample of 338 girls (nJ=338) and a saturated sample of 13 head teachers (n2=13), based on 30 % of the population were used. Stratified, proportionate and simple random samplings were used to select schools and respondents respectively. Key informants and participants were purposively selected from predetermined schools. Quantitative data was collected using structured questionnaires based on a Likert Scale of 1 to 5 while qualitative data was collected using key informant interviews and focus group discussions. Quantitative data was entered into SPSS version 19.0, analyzed using hierarchical regression based on principal axis factoring and results presented using inferential statistics i.e. tables, regression outputs and graphs. Qualitative data was analyzed using content analysis following framework analysis approach. Study findings revealed that level of awareness about gender issues in school health policy in primary schools in Usigu division was significantly low indicated by low overall variance of 26.89 % at p:S0.05 and recommends that awareness campaigns and sensitization workshops on school health policy should be intensified in the division. Study also revealed that implementation of the policy was influenced by specific factors constituting each theme in the policy i.e gender and culture is influenced by three factors; teenage pregnancy, five factors; early/unprotected sex, three factors; sexuality and puberty, two factors and rape and sexual violence, four factors and recommends further factor exploration to verify the variances. Study further revealed that level of implementation of gender issues in school health policy in primary schools in Usigu division was low indicated by low overall variances for key implementation areas i.e. gender and culture (20.79 %), Teenage pregnancy (32.7 %), Early/ unprotected sex (31.18 %), sexuality and Puberty (17.63%) and Rape and sexual violence (36.03 %) at p:S0.05 and recommends that schools and communities should create structures and mechanisms to deal with all vices that may jeopardize the health and education of girls in primary schools in the division. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Maseno University en_US
dc.subject Implementation of Gender Issues in School Health Policy en_US
dc.title Implementation of Gender Issues in School Health Policy For Primary School Girls in Usigu Division of Siaya Counnty, Kenya en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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