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Assessment of Cervical Cancer Awareness and Screening Practice Among 30-69 Years Old Women in Kitale Municipality, Kenya

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dc.contributor.author MAKUNJA, Sostine Khisa
dc.date.accessioned 2021-05-07T07:27:35Z
dc.date.available 2021-05-07T07:27:35Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.maseno.ac.ke/handle/123456789/3684
dc.description.abstract ABSTRAct S.G. S. LI8R ~==~_.__._.~ A RY "', ------- Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer among women worldwide and the fourth leading cause of cancer deaths in women worldwide, with an estimated 270,000 deaths annually. According to World Health Organisation (WHO) projections, 95 % of cervical cancer deaths are expected to occur in low- and middle-income countries by year 2030, Kenya being one of them and whose projected burdenwill double by the year 2030.Cervical cancer screening is vital in early detection and treatment. While cervical cancer screening services are in place in most health facilities in Kenya, awareness and uptake of these services remains low with a prevalence of 3.6% nationally and 17.24% in Kitale.The main objective of this study was to assess awareness of cervical cancer and screening practice among women in Kitale Municipality.The specific objectiveswere;to determine the proportion of women aware of cervical cancer in Kitale Municipality, to assess the proportion of women aware of cervical cancer risk factors in KitaJe Municipality, to assess cervical cancer screening practice among women in Kitale Municipality and to identify factors associated with cervical cancer screening among women in Kitale Municipality. A cross-sectional study using stratifiedsimple sampling to select a sample of 422 women aged 30-69 years old was adopted. A Structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Data entry and coding was done in SPSS v20. Subsequent content analysis was used to descriptively summarizeand compute proportions, mean and standard deviation in reporting socio-demographic data. To test the association between dependent and independent variables, Chi-square was used while Multiple Logistic Regressionanalysis was used to generate adjusted odds ratios of association. Findings suggest that 338 (80%)women were aware of cervical cancer while 321(76%) knew about cervical cancer screening. Among them, 317 (75%) had never heard of Human Papilloma Virus HPV while only 97(23%) women knew HPV infection was a risk factor for developing cervical cancer. Results revealed that only 114 (27%) had ever gone for cervical cancer screening. There was a crude significant association between awareness of cervical cancer risk factors and screening (OR=1.08,p=0.000). Awareness therefore encouraged screening. There was a positive association between awareness of multiple sexual partners (p=0.007); early sexual intercourse (p=O.012) as risk factors and cervical cancer screening. Unawareness of cervical cancer risk factors & screening tests available, low socio-economic status and socio-demographic factors are associated with low screening practice In conclusion, this study found that there was modest awareness about cervical cancer but low screening practice among women in this Municipality. The study therefore recommends scale up for cervical cancer awareness and screeningcampaigns by stakeholders. The current study has added knowledge that will be used by stakeholders advocating for cervical cancer awareness and screening that will aid in uptake important in early detection and treatment of cervical cancer cases, and hence reducing casemorbidity and mortality. en_US
dc.publisher Maseno University en_US
dc.title Assessment of Cervical Cancer Awareness and Screening Practice Among 30-69 Years Old Women in Kitale Municipality, Kenya en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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